Wednesday, August 1, 2012

The Rights and Duties between Man and Woma:A Qur'anic Analysis.

                 "Allah has made the one of them to excel the other,"

 The Mankind is the mysterious creation of Allah.The creation was originated from Adam and Eve.While men are the physically stronger sex, the woman's biological make-up has made her excel as the homemaker. She alone can be impregnated, carryand deliver the child, and then suckle the baby. Her gentle, caring and selfsacrificingtemperament is best suited to bringing up children and looking after the home.
 To say that she should also earn a living is an unacceptable injusticeand implies that everything she does for her home and children is worthlessand needs to be supplemented by an outside cover. A woman already has toplay in society a great and noble role as mother of a new generation, a role for
which no man can claim the honors. It is because of her supreme role asmother that she is entitled to three times the devotion given to the father fromthe children.

The roles of men and women in the Qur’aan are dealt as:
"Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah hasmade the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend from their means. Therefore, the righteous women are devoutly obedient, andguard in the husband's absence what Allah orders them to guard." (V.4:34)

This Divine injunction describes the man as Qawwam (maintainer) and thewoman as Qanitah (obedient) and Hafizatun lil-Ghaib (preserver of the secret).The Verse gives two reasons as to whymen are described as maintainers.Firstly, because

"Allah has made the one of them to excel the other," which means that He hasexcelled men to be physically stronger and more inclined to have a careeroutside the home. The history of mankind has always shown that men, fromthe most primitive to the most technologically minded, have assumed the roleof providing food, maintaining law and order in the community, waging waragainst enemies, and going on expeditions in search of new lands, adventure,food and even hidden treasure. The women have primarily stayed at home toprovide a stable environment for the children.

The second reason is that "they spend from their means." It is the man's duty toprovide financially for his family, and it is also the man who is required to givea dower to his wife at the time of their marriage. In the castle of his home, thehusband is the ruler and the wife is his pillar of support. As in anyestablishment, there can only be one ruler; a car with two drivers, a countrywith two kings or an army with two generals would all be in utter chaos anddisarray. The husband has thus been put in charge of his home, but this is aresponsibility and not a privilege.
The different roles of the sexes means that never is one sex burdened with allthe duties while the other enjoys all the privileges. Instead they both haveindividual duties and privileges. The Qur’aan says in this regard:

"And they (women) have rights similar over them to what is reasonable,but men have a degree over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise." (V.

1 comment:

  1. This is a great artical for the rights and duties of woman.